Muharram

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Islamic Calendar

Muharram

Safar

Rabi al-Awwal

Rabi al-Thani

Jumada al-Awwal

Jumada al-Thani

Rajab

Sha'ban

Ramadhan

Shawwal

Dhu al-Qi'ddah

Dhu al-Hijjah

Muharram (Arabic: المحرّم) is the first month of the Islamic calendar and is notable for the way it is commemorated in the Muslim world. Instead of joyous celebrations, Muslims mark the beginning of their new year by mourning and remembering the martyrdom of Husain ibn Ali (grandson of the Holy Prophet Muhammad; third Shia Imam) who was brutally killed on the 10th of the month, in 61 AH.

Contents

Significance

Muharram is profoundly known for the commemoration of Imam Husain's martyrdom in the Battle of Karbala. The tragedy and heroism of the event, the resistance and self‑sacrifice of the martyrs, are remembered during these days by the Shi'a and the Sunnis alike, though with more ardour, fervour and enthusiasm by the Shi'a.[1] Mourning processions are carried out particularly on Ashura, which literally means the 'tenth' in Arabic, referring to the 10th day of Muharram. The mourning period begins on the first night of Muharram and continues for two months and eight days, concluding with the celebration of Eid al-Zahra.

Significant Dates

Some significant dates that fall during the month of Muharram are as follow:[2]

References

  1. Editorial about Muharram, by Al-Tawhid Editors
  2. Masar ash-Shia by Shaykh Mufid
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