Demolition of Jannat ul-Baqi (8th Shawwal)
The 8th Shawwal (1344 AH) demolition of Jannat ul-Baqi refers to the destruction of the graves at the Baqi graveyard in Medina, Saudi Arabia by the House of Saud in 1925. The day is also referred to as Yawm-e-Gham (Day of Sorrow) and Yawm-e-Inhedam (Day of Demolition) in many Shi'a communities.
In 1806, under the rule of Saud bin Abdulaziz the tombs in the graveyard of Baqi were demolished for the first time. However, the Ottomans gained power and control over the region a few years later and rebuilt the graveyard in 1818. With the turn of the 20th century, the House of Saud under the authority of Abdulaziz ibn Saud (commonly known as Ibn Saud) began capturing different regions again and took over Medina in 1925 during their victory at the Conquest of Hejaz.
On April 21st, 1925 ibn Saud ordered for the demolition of the graveyard of Baqi for the second time in history. The campaign also involved the demolition of the tombs at the graveyard of Mualla in Makkah and various other historical buildings.
While at the time many Muslims around the world protested against the policies and actions of the House of Saud, these protests remained in vain. Today, primarily the Shi'ites mark the day as a day of sorrow which explicitly depicts the on-going injustice and oppression carried out by the House of Saud in Saudi Arabia.