Abbasid Caliphate

From The Shiapedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Abbasid Caliphate
الخلافة العباسية
alt:Abbasid Dynasty
Abbasid Caliphate during its greatest extent in the year 850
Capital Baghdad
Established 750 CE
Religion Sunni Islam
Currency Abbasid Dinar
The Abbasid Caliphate was the third of the Islamic caliphates who built their capital in the city of Baghdad after overthrowing the Ummayad caliphate. The caliphate was named after the youngest uncle of the Prophet Muhammad, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib as it was founded by his descendants in 750 CE.

The dynasty went through various ups and downs during its political reign, finally coming to an end in 1258 CE when Hulaku Khan attacked Baghdad. It was briefly reinstated in 1261 by Al-Mustansir and continued to claim authority in religious matters until it was formally transferred over to the Ottoman Empire.

Contents

Abbasid Caliphs

Ruler Reign
Caliphs of Baghdad
Abu'l Abbas Al-Saffah 750–754
Al-Mansur 754–775
Al-Mahdi 775–785
Al-Hadi 785–786
Haroon al-Rashid 786–809
Al-Amin 809–813
Al-Ma'mun 813–833
Al-Mu'tasim 833–842
Al-Wathiq 842–847
Al-Mutawakkil 847–861
Al-Muntasir 861–862
Al-Musta'in 862–866
Al-Mu'tazz 866–869
Al-Muhtadi 869–870
Al-Mu'tamid 870–892
Al-Mu'tadid 892–902
Al-Muktafi 902–908
Al-Muqtadir 908–932
Al-Qahir 932–934
Ar-Radi 934–940
Al-Muttaqi 940–944
Al-Mustakfi 944–946
Al-Muti 946–974
At-Ta'i 974–991
Al-Qadir 991–1031
Al-Qa'im 1031–1075
Al-Muqtadi 1075–1094
Al-Mustazhir 1094–1118
Al-Mustarshid 1118–1135
Harun al-Rashid 1135–1136
Al-Muqtafi 1136–1160
Al-Mustanjid 1160–1170
Al-Mustadi 1170–1180
An-Nasir 1180–1225
Al-Dhahir 1225–1226
Al-Mustansir 1226–1242
Al-Musta'sim 1242–1258
Caliphs of Cairo
Al-Mustansir 1261–1262
Al-Hakim I (Cairo) 1262–1302
Al-Mustakfi I of Cairo 1303–1340
Al-Wathiq I 1340–1341
Al-Hakim II 1341–1352
Al-Mu'tadid I 1352–1362
Al-Mutawakkil I 1362–1383
Al-Wathiq II 1383–1386
Al-Mu'tasim 1386–1389
Al-Mutawakkil I (restored) 1389–1406
Al-Musta'in 1406–1414
Al-Mu'tadid II 1414–1441
Al-Mustakfi II 1441–1451
Al-Qa'im 1451–1455
Al-Mustanjid 1455–1479
Al-Mutawakkil II 1479–1497
Al-Mustamsik 1497–1508
Al-Mutawakkil III 1508–1517
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox
Sponsors